E-ISSN 1305-3612
Cardiovascular Imaging - Original Article
Coronary lesion complexity assessed by SYNTAX score in 256-slice dual-source MDCT angiography
1 Department of Radiology, Ereğli State Hospital, Zonguldak, Turkey  
2 Department of Radiology, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
3 Department of Cardiology, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2016; 22: 334-340
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2015.15298
Abstract

PURPOSE: The SYNTAX Score (SS) has an important role in grading the complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing revascularization. Noninvasive determination of SS prior to invasive coronary angiography (ICA) might optimize patient management. We aimed to evaluate the agreement between ICA and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) while testing the diagnostic effectiveness of SS-MDCT.

 

METHODS: Our study included 108 consecutive patients who underwent both MDCT angiography with a 256-slice dual-source MDCT system and ICA within 14±3 days. SS was calculated for both ICA and MDCT coronary angiography. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the association of SS-MDCT with SS-ICA, and Bland-Altman analysis was performed.

 

RESULTS: The degree of agreement between SS-ICA and SS-MDCT was moderate. The mean SS-MDCT was 14.5, whereas the mean SS-ICA was 15.9. After dividing SS into three groups (high [≥33], intermediate [23–32], and low [≤22] subgroups), agreement analysis was repeated. There was a significant correlation between SS-MDCT and SS-ICA in the low SS group (r=0.63, P = 0.043) but no significant correlation in the high SS group (r=0.036, P = 0.677). The inter-test agreement analysis showed at least moderate agreement, whereas thrombotic lesions and the type of bifurcation lesion showed fair agreement.

 

CONCLUSION: The calculation of SS-MDCT by adapting SS-ICA parameters achieved nearly the same degree of precision as SS-ICA and was better than SS-ICA, especially in the low SS group. 

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