ISSN 1305-3825 | E-ISSN 1305-3612
Cardiovascular Imaging - Pictorial Essay 2016
CT angiography of the renal arteries and veins: normal anatomy and variants
1 Department of Radiology Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.  
2 Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
3 Division of Abdominal Imaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA  
4 Department of Radiology Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2011; 17: 67-73
DOI: 10.4261/1305-3825.DIR.2902-09.1
Key Words: computed tomography, X-ray • angiography• renal artery • renal vein
Abstract

Conventional angiography has long been regarded as gold standard imaging modality for evaluation of the renal vasculature. Introduction of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography had a groundbreaking impact on evaluation of the renal vessels and is gradually replacing conventional angiography as standard imaging. Herein, we review and illustrate the normal and variant anatomy of renal vessels with special emphasis on imaging protocols and reconstruction techniques in MDCT.

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