ISSN 1305-3825 | E-ISSN 1305-3612
Genitourinary Imaging - Original Article
The impact of pre-procedural waiting period and anxiety level on pain perception in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy
1 Departments of Radiology, Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey  
2 Department of Radiology, Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey  
3 Departments of Psychiatry, Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey  
4 From the Departments of Radiology, Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey  
Diagn Interv Radiol 2012; 18: 195-199
DOI: 10.4261/1305-3825.DIR.4643-11.1
Key Words: ultrasonography • biopsy • prostate • anxiety• pain perception
Abstract

PURPOSE
To investigate the effect of pre-procedural waiting period and anxiety level on pain perception during transrectal ultrasound- guided prostate biopsy.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Sixty patients who had undergone transrectal ultrasoundguided prostate biopsy were enrolled in this prospective study. The subjects were asked to fill out the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Scale-1 to measure the level of state anxiety at three times: 1) at the time of the procedure request, 2) before the procedure, and 3) before getting the result. Just after biopsy, the patients were asked to fill out a visual analog scale to evaluate pain perception resulting from the biopsy.

 

RESULTS
The mean pre-procedural level of state anxiety score was well correlated with the visual analog scale score (r=0.498; P < 0.001). The mean level of state anxiety scores before biopsy (39.7±9.4) and before getting the result (39.9±8.4) were significantly higher than the mean level of state anxiety score when the procedure was requested (31.4±7.9) (P < 0.001 for both). The patient group was divided into two subgroups according to the waiting time between the request and the procedure itself; the cut-off value between the short and long groups was 10 days. The difference between the mean visual analog scale scores from transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy patients with the short (n=23, 1.49±0.95) and long (n=37, 2.35±1.12) waiting periods was statistically significant (P = 0.003).

 

CONCLUSION
In conclusion, performing the transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy procedure as soon as possible and using more effective anesthetic methods, especially for patients with high level of state anxiety scores, may have a positive impact on patient tolerance.

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