Chest Imaging - Review

Accuracy of 2D and point shear wave elastography-based measurements for diagnosis of esophageal varices: a systematic review and meta-analysis


  • Xing Zhang
  • Chunxiao Chen
  • Chungen Yan
  • Taoyan Song

Received Date: 07.07.2021 Accepted Date: 18.11.2021 Diagn Interv Radiol 2022;28(2):138-148


The aim of this meta-analysis is to summarize the diagnostic accuracies of point shear wave elas- tography (pSWE) and two-dimensional (2D) SWE for esophageal varices (EV) and varices needing treatment (VNT).


We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy studies. We searched for studies reporting the EV and VNT diagnostic accuracy of pSWE and 2D SWE using PubMed Cen- tral, SCOPUS, MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases. STATA software“Midas”package was used for meta-analysis.


A total of 24 studies with 3867 patients were included in the review. Pooled score sensitivities of pSWE were 91% (95% CI, 80%-96%) for EV, and 94% (95% CI, 86%-97%) for VNT. Pooled score sensi- tivities of 2D SWE were 78% (95% CI, 69%-85%) for EV, and 79% (95% CI, 72%-85%) for VNT. Pooled score specificities of pSWE were 70% (95% CI, 60%-78%) for EV, and 59% (95% CI, 40%-75%) for VNT. Pooled score specificities of 2D SWE for EV were 79% (95% CI, 72%-85%) 72% (95% CI, 66%-77%) for VNT. We found significant heterogeneity for all the elastography-based measurements with the chi- square test results and an I2 statistic >75%.


Both pSWE and 2D SWE can diagnose EV and VNT with moderate diagnostic accuracy. Further large- scale setting-specific longitudinal studies are required to establish the best modality.