Abdominal Imaging - Review

MRI of localized prostate cancer: coming of age in the PSA era


  • Barış Türkbey
  • Marcelino Bernardo
  • Maria J. Merino
  • Bradford J. Wood
  • Peter A. Pinto
  • Peter L. Choyke

Received Date: 15.04.2011 Accepted Date: 06.06.2011 Diagn Interv Radiol 2012;18(1):34-45

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among American men. It varies widely in aggressiveness, ranging from completely indolent to highly aggressive. Currently, predicting the natural history of a particular tumor and deciding on the appropriate treatment, which might include active surveillance, surgery, radiation or hormonal therapies, are based on the condition and age of the patient as well as the presumed stage of the disease. Imaging plays an important role in staging localized prostate cancer. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) best depicts the zonal anatomy, with a superior soft tissue resolution providing better results for tumor localization, monitoring, and local staging. Previously, the major function of prostate MRI has been in staging, and this role remains important. In this article, we introduce the reader to the expanding roles that MRI plays in the management of localized prostate cancer.

Keywords: prostate cancer, magnetic resonance imaging, prostate specific antigen