Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Musculoskeletal Imaging - Original Article

Association between tears of the posterior root of the medial meniscus and far posterior femoral condyle osteoarthritis

1.

Department of Radiology, Pennsylvania University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA

2.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Pennsylvania University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA

3.

Department of Genetics , Pennsylvania University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA

4.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Pennsylvania University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA

Diagn Interv Radiol 2020; 26: 349-354
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2019.19358
Read: 268 Downloads: 69 Published: 25 November 2019

PURPOSE

We aimed to evaluate whether tears of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus root ligament (PHMM RL) are associated with osteoarthritis of the far posterior femoral condyles (FPFC).

 

METHODS

Retrospective review of 1158 patients who underwent arthroscopy identified 49 patients with confirmed tears of the medial meniscus posterior root ligament attachment. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies were reviewed to identify advanced osteoarthritis involving the medial and lateral FPFC. Control patients (n=48) had no meniscal tears confirmed by arthroscopy. Cases and controls were age- and sex-matched exactly 1:1. One case patient was excluded since there was no age- and sex-matched control available. The International Cartilage Research Society (ICRS) MRI cartilage grade was recorded for the medial and lateral FPFC. Associations were evaluated using univariate and multivariable conditional logistic regression analyses.

 

RESULTS

There were 48 case and 48 control patients (10 men in each group, 20.8%) with median age 53 years (range, 21–67). Medial FPFC ICRS Grade 2 or higher lesions were present in 34 (70.8%) of case patients and 16 (33.3%) of control patients. Lateral FPFC ICRS Grade 2 or higher lesions were present in 24 (50%) of case patients and 14 (28.2%) of control patients. Increased body mass index (BMI) was associated with PHMM RL tears (OR=1.11, 95% CI [1.01, 1.22], P = 0.020). MRI was 81.2% (39/48) sensitive and 91.2% (44/48) specific for detection of PHMM RL tears. PHMM RL tears were associated with Grade 2 or higher medial FPFC osteoarthritis (OR=10.00, 95% CI (2.34, 42.78), P < 0.001). This association remained after adjusting for BMI (OR=11.79, 95% CI [2.46, 56.53], P = 0.002). There was also an association between PHMM RL tears and lateral FPFC osteoarthritis, which persisted after adjusting for BMI (OR =3.00, 95% CI [1.07, 8.37], P = 0.036).

 

CONCLUSION

PHMM RL tears are associated with advanced osteoarthritis of the FPFC. Radiologists identifying FPFC osteoarthritis should look carefully for PHMM RL tears.

 

You may cite this article as: Sebro R, Ashok SS, Uriell M. Association between tears of the posterior root of the medial meniscus and far posterior femoral condyle osteoarthritis. Diagn Interv Radiol 2020; 26:349–354.

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