Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Complications and diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided 18G tru-cut vs end-cut percutaneous core needle biopsy of solitary solid lung nodules

1.

Department of Radiology, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, Galdakao-Usansolo Hospital, Galdakao, Spain

2.

Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Barakaldo, Spain

3.

Department of Pulmonology, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, Galdakao-Usansolo Hospital, Galdakao, Spain

4.

Osakidetza Basque Health Service, Galdakao-Usansolo Hospital, Research Unit, Galdakao, Spain

5.

Health Services Research on Chronic Diseases Network-REDISSEC, Spain

Diagn Interv Radiol 2020; 1: -
Read: 565 Published: 17 November 2020

PURPOSE: Percutaneous biopsy has demonstrated high accuracy in diagnosis of lung nodules, but the technique is not innocuous and a yield decrease in lesions smaller than 20 mm has been reported. We carried out a prospective study to evaluate and compare the complications and efficacy of percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) of solitary solid lung nodules, which were performed with two types of automatic guns.

METHODS: 330 consecutive CT-guided CNB were included. Tru-cut or end-cut 18G devices were used alternatively. Nodules were categorized by their size: ≤10 mm, 11-20 mm and >20 mm. Incidence of complications such as pneumothorax or hemoptysis and factors influencing them (nodule size and depth within lung parenchyma) were evaluated. Diagnostic accuracy of CNB achieved in the three groups of nodules regarding the two different needles were calculated and statistically evaluated and compared.

RESULTS: We performed 68 CNB in nodules ≤10 mm, 130 in 11-20 mm and 132 in >20 mm. Pneumothorax appeared in 24.2% of them, but only 5.7% required drainage. Hemoptysis was developed in 9.4% and abundant hemoptysis with hypoxemia was observed in only 4.2% of patients. Regarding appearance of complications between the two needle types, no significant differences were found. A higher risk of hemoptysis was observed in nodules ≤10 mm (OR = 3.87; 95% CI = 1.24-12.06, P = 0.019) and in those located deeper in pulmonary parenchyma (OR = 2.21; 95% CI = 1.04-4.69, P = 0.038). End-cut needles reached a diagnostic accuracy of 93.7%, 92.1% and 98.3%, in nodules sized ≤10 mm, 11-20 mm and >20 mm, respectively. Corresponding results for tru-cut were 84.7%, 88.5% and 92.1%. In spite of differences reaching up to 9% in smaller nodules, intra-group results were not significant.

CONCLUSION: Both needles have similar complications rate. Despite not having observed statistically significant differences between the two types of needles, end-cut devices have demonstrated a higher diagnostic yield in the three groups of nodules and could be a more suitable option especially for CNB of nodules ≤10 mm.

EISSN 1305-3612