Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology - Original Article

Evaluation of CT vascularization patterns for survival prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated by conventional TACE

1.

Institutes of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, The Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

2.

Institute of Biometry, The Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

3.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, The Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

4.

Institutes of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, The Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

Diagn Interv Radiol 2017; 23: 217-222
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2016.16006
Read: 750 Downloads: 368 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an established treatment for intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the power of lesion vascularization criteria based on computed tomography for prognosis of overall survival before initiation of treatment.

 

METHODS: A total of 59 patients with intermediate stage HCC treated with TACE as first-line treatment were retrospectively evaluated. TACE procedures were performed using doxorubicin, cisplatin, and lipiodol. Response evaluation criteria in solid tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) were used to determine the initial tumor response. Four vascularization patterns (VP) of the largest target lesion (homogeneous vascularization [VP1], homogeneous vascularization with additional arterial hypervascularization [VP2], heterogeneous vascularization with [VP3] and without zones of hypervascularization [VP4]) were assessed prior to the first TACE and correlated to survival.

 

RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier analysis yielded a median overall survival of 608 days (standard error [SE], 120.5 days). Survival analysis showed significant differences depending on the vascularization patterns (P = 0.012; hazard ratio, 0.327): patients with homogeneously vascularized lesions (VP1, VP2) had a median overall survival of 1091 days (SE, 235.5 days). Patients with heterogeneous vascularization of the lesion (VP3 and VP4) showed a median overall survival of 508 days (SE, 113.9 days).

 

CONCLUSION: The vascularization pattern of the largest HCC lesion is helpful for survival prognosis under TACE treatment and therefore has the potential to be used as an additional parameter for treatment stratification.

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