Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology

Hepatocyte-specific contrast-enhanced MRI findings of focal nodular hyperplasia-like nodules in the liver following chemotherapy in pediatric cancer patients

1.

Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Radiology, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

3.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Oncology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Diagn Interv Radiol 2020; 26: 370-376
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2019.19398
Read: 287 Downloads: 101 Published: 14 November 2019

PURPOSE

We aimed to assess the MRI findings and follow-up of multiple focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH)- like lesions in pediatric cancer patients diagnosed by imaging findings.

 

METHODS

We retrospectively analyzed clinical data and MRI examinations of 16 pediatric patients, who had been scanned using gadoxetate disodium (n=13) and gadobenate dimeglumine (n=3). Hepatic nodules were reviewed according to their number, size, contour, T1- and T2-weighted signal intensities, arterial, portal, delayed and hepatobiliary phase enhancement patterns. Follow-up images were evaluated for nodule size, number, and appearance.

 

RESULTS

All 16 patients received chemotherapy in due course. Time interval between the initial diagnosis of cancer and detection of the hepatic nodule was 2–14 years. Three patients had a single lesion, 13 patients had multiple nodules. The median size of the largest nodules was 19.5 mm (range, 8–41 mm). Among 16 patients that received hepatocyte-specific agents, FNH-like nodules appeared hyperintense in 11 and isointense in 5 on the hepatobiliary phase. During follow-up, increased number and size of the nodules were seen in 4 patients. The nodules showed growth between 6–15 mm.

 

CONCLUSION

Liver MRI using hepatocyte-specific agents is a significant imaging method for the diagnosis of FNH-like lesions, which can occur in a variety of diseases. Lesions can increase in size and number in pediatric patients. 

 

You may cite this article as: Özcan HN, Karçaaltıncaba M, Seber T, et al. Hepatocyte-specific contrast-enhanced MRI findings of focal nodular hyperplasia-like nodules in the liver following chemotherapy in pediatric cancer patients. Diagn Interv Radiol 2020; 26:370–376.

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