Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Abdominal Imaging - Pictorial Essay

Subtypes of renal cell carcinoma: MRI and pathological features

1.

Department of Radiology, Abant İzzet Baysal University School of Medicine, Bolu, Turkey

2.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA

3.

University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA

4.

Department of Pathology , Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania, USA

5.

Department of Radiology , University of St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Diagn Interv Radiol 2013; 19: 304-311
DOI: 10.5152/dir.2013.147
Read: 540 Downloads: 356 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignant tumor involving the kidney. Determining the subtypes of renal cell carcinoma is among the major goals of preoperative radiological work-up. Among all modalities, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has several advantages, such as inherent soft tissue contrast, detection of lipid and blood products, and excellent sensitivity to detect small amounts of intravenous contrast, which facilitate the discrimination of subtypes of RCC. In this article, we review MRI and pathological features used for determining the main histologic subtypes of RCC, including clear cell, papillary, collecting duct, chromophobe, multilocular cystic, and unclassified RCC.

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